Damage from the environment can come from UV rays, air pollution, smoke, heavy metals, contact with chemicals and radiation.
Sunburns, or erythema, is the effects of exposure to excess amount of UV
rays. Sunburns and tans break down the skin cells leading to age spots
and loss of elasticity. Skin becomes dry, leather feeling and the loss
of elasticity causes wrinkles.
Photo sensitivity is how exposure UV rays can cause photo aging with
skin abnormalities. Minor problems can start with an actinic keratosis
or solar keratosis, and collagen degradation, metalloproteinases. Further, it can mutate into a basal cell or Squamous cell
cancer, further becoming a malignant melanoma.
Free radical damage is when environmental damage mutates skin cells.
These mutations can render the skin cell ineffective and lead to sun
spots, hyper pigmentation and cancer. This happens when oxygen molecules
are unpaired giving an oxidative damage.
DNA mutations can occur when skin is exposed to environmental pollutants or UV rays.
Treatment for environmental Damage to Skin
Antioxidants are the best way to prevent and reverse the effects of skin
damage. Antioxidants give photo- protection as well as prevention to
DNA mutations, and protection to skin proteins and cell membranes due to